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在空调保养的过程中如何提高节能效果?

来源:http://www.jnslshwx.com 日期:2020-04-17 发布人:admin
  在空调保养的过程中如何提高节能效果?
我们知道,在夏天,空调将室外的风与抽出的新鲜空气混合并过滤,然后通过冷却和降低湿度将空气送入房间。空气进入房间获得显热后,达到室内设计温度。同时,进入的空气获得室内潜热(水蒸气)并达到室内设计湿度。
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  We know that in summer, the air conditioner mixes and filters the outdoor air with the fresh air drawn out, and then sends the air into the room by cooling and reducing the humidity. After the air enters the room to obtain sensible heat, it reaches the indoor design temperature. At the same time, the incoming air obtains the indoor latent heat (water vapor) and achieves the indoor design humidity.
  冬天,空调用来加热和加湿。在这种情况下,理想的空调通风设备由风机、回风风机和排气扇组成。
  In winter, air conditioning is used for heating and humidification. In this case, the ideal air conditioning and ventilation equipment is composed of fan, return fan and exhaust fan.
  然而,由于建筑成本的原因,大多数地方只配备了通风机,室外空气冷却不能在这些地方停止。在空调设备中,如单元空调机组,有些配备了冷却器和通风机。
  However, due to the construction cost, most places are only equipped with ventilators, and outdoor air cooling cannot be stopped in these places. In air conditioning equipment, such as unit air conditioning units, some are equipped with coolers and ventilators.
  为了减少室内冷负荷和显热负荷,应保持室内设计温度。当空调停止时,采用通风(恒定风量法)和改变通风量的方法(可变风量法)来保持通风空气的温度恒定。因此,空调设备的节能措施需要充分考虑通风机、风道、冷(热)水泵和自动控制装置。
  In order to reduce the indoor cooling load and sensible heat load, the indoor design temperature should be maintained. When the air conditioning stops, ventilation (constant air volume method) and variable air volume method (variable air volume method) are used to keep the temperature of the ventilation air constant. Therefore, the energy-saving measures of air conditioning equipment need to fully consider fans, air ducts, cold (hot) water pumps and automatic control devices.
  为了全年保持室内温度和湿度在一个温暖的范围内,冷却时有时需要重新加热。但是,除了恒温恒湿房间等特殊条件以及室内温度和湿度条件苛刻之外,如果不能利用剩余能量,普通空调房间也不需要停止再加热。
  In order to keep the indoor temperature and humidity in a warm range throughout the year, it is sometimes necessary to reheat when cooling. However, in addition to the special conditions such as constant temperature and humidity room and the harsh indoor temperature and humidity conditions, if the residual energy can not be used, the ordinary air-conditioned room does not need to stop reheating.
  回收废气余热后,新鲜空气的负荷减少。为了停止进入的新鲜空气和室内排出的空气之间的热交换,在超高层建筑和酒店中使用安全通信器。全热交换器使用后,新鲜空气的负荷减少了70%左右,从而降低了冰箱、冷却水泵和冷水泵的功率。此外,加热时,它会进一步增加其效果,并大大减少颜料的消耗。
  After the waste heat is recovered, the load of fresh air is reduced. In order to stop the heat exchange between the incoming fresh air and the indoor exhaust air, the safety communicator is used in the super high-rise buildings and hotels. After the total heat exchanger is used, the load of fresh air is reduced by about 70%, thus reducing the power of refrigerator, cooling water pump and cold water pump. In addition, when heated, it will further increase its effect and greatly reduce the consumption of pigments.
  另外,在可能的情况下,一般采用自动控制装置和集中控制装置来加强设备的运行管理和日常维护,这对节能非常有利。
  In addition, when possible, automatic control device and centralized control device are generally used to strengthen the operation management and daily maintenance of the equipment, which is very beneficial to energy conservation.

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